Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15–А21. В каждом задании укажите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа.
Start of college life: how I coped with fear
For the last two years I’ve been working really hard to pass all my exams successfully and to get accepted to college. And yet college seemed to be the scariest thing that I could think of. Whenever I thought about it, my stomach would immediately begin to spin in circles. Although I was ready to go off and be by myself and meet new people, I was scared to death at the same time. I pictured hard classes that I wouldn’t be able to keep up with, people that wouldn’t like me, long hikes to get to my classes, and horrible food. I couldn’t imagine leaving the security of my own room, my own stuff where I want it, my friends that I’ve spent practically my whole life with, my family who put up with all my little quirks.
Everyone else that I talked to, however, didn’t seem to have this problem. They all were thrilled at the thought of being on their own and not having to worry about their parents telling them what to do or not to do all the time. And, sure, the thought was extremely exciting to me as well, but how would I survive without my family and friends and the things that had taken me eighteen years to get used to?
The summer before I came to college was probably the most fun my friends and I ever had. We all knew that in September things would never be the same again and we had to make the most of it while we still could. As the end of August rolled around we knew that it was time to say goodbye and be on our way to our own independence. I packed up the memories of the last eighteen years of my life into about five suitcases and was ready to go. I still didn’t feel like I was just as mature as my older college friends and I thought that I still looked like I was twelve years old.
We finally made it to the doors and began unloading my clothes and the eight million bags of food that my mom had packed for me. I still was unsure about sharing my room and not being able to have the privacy that I had back home. I was worried that the little habits that I had might annoy my roommate and that my roommate might have just as many annoying little habits that I might not be able to handle as well.
After I had all my things unpacked and put exactly where I wanted, my roommate and I decided to go around our hall and see whom we would be living with for the next two semesters. As we went around to different rooms and met different people my nervousness seemed to diminish. I began to realize that not everyone here knew everyone else and most were just as anxious and nervous about being here as I was. It worked. I started to feel better and was actually kind of excited about living here all by myself.
I still miss the security of living at home (and I wonder who would blame me for this feeling) and, most of all, home-cooked meals that are nonexistenthere and the friends that I grew up with. But I know that we’ve all changed and those memories are just that – memories, no matter how pleasant they might be. And when times get too tough, my mom is just a phone call away. But I’m not too quick to call her and have her solve my problems. I’ve learned that I can usually work things out by myself. I’m glad that I’ve gone through these changes in myself and it makes me realize that I don’t need to fear change, that it’s just a part of life that everyone has to go through sometime.
What does the word ‘nonexistent’ refer to in the last paragraph?
How has becoming a college student changed the author?
She has got used to eating out.
She has learned how to make new friends.
She has become more attached to her mother.
She has become more independent.
Прочитайте вопросы 1 – 6. Установите, в каких текстах A – G можно найти ответы на эти вопросы. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждый текст только один раз. В задании один текст лишний.
In which place сan visitors
see a very old building?
lie in the sun?
eat Irish food?
do water sports?
see a friendly sea animal?
-A- From Dalkey, a pretty village in beautiful surroundings, one can take a trip on a boat out to Dalkey Island, where climbing the ruined watch tower will provide stunning views of Killiney Bay. The coastal waters are perfect for swimming, and there is a long, clean white sandy beach called KillineyBay which is great for sunbathing.
-B- Bray is 20 km from Dublin city and used to be a holiday resort for people from Dublin and Britain. It’s popular for its mile long sea walk, but its best days have passed.
A few kilometres south of Bray will bring you into some of the nicest countryside in Ireland, including the impressive Powerscourt Waterfall.
-C- The attractive Gaelic speaking Aran Islands are a perfect place for a few days holiday. This is the original donkey-and-cart landscape, so beloved of the postcard industry. The famous woolen white Aran sweaters come from here. The largest of the three islands, Inishmore, boasts one of the only buildings in Western Europe, which dates from 500 BC.
-D- Dingle Peninsula is a Gaelic speaking area known for the beauty of the Atlantic landscape. The most famous resident is not human at all, but a dolphin called Fungi. The dolphin has lived in Dingle harbour for the past seven years, offering friendship to all who swim near him, particularly children.
-E- Kilkenny is a large busy market town and the most attractive in the midlands. It is much loved by tourists. The narrow winding streets with small shops give an old-world atmosphere to the place. The Kilkenny Shop is one of many which has a wide range of goods that tourists usually buy: Irish-made clothes and crafts.
-F- Enniskerry is a pretty little village and only a bus ride from Dublin. It offers access to the Wicklow Mountains where you'll find good home-cooked food in Poppies, a famous restaurant. Smoked salmon, Irish farmhouse cheeses, handmade chocolates are always served here.
-G- Cork is Ireland's largest county. It is best loved for the coastal fishing villages which come alive in the summer months. One of them is Cobhwhich was the main emigration port during the Great Famine of the 1840s. Plenty of sailing, windsurfing and boat trips are available around the harbour. Another is set in a thickly wooded valley. It is commemorated in poems for richness of the vegetation, influenced by the warm Gulf Streamcurrent.
is rich in building material?
is a birthplace of a famous poet?
was a publishing centre?
was described in many books?
was an important medical centre?
is a centre of making medical tools?
-A- Rochester was originally called the "Flour city" because of its milling industries. Rochester also became known as the "Flower City" because of its rich gardening areas. It has the nation's largest film and camera plant and leads in the manufacture of surgical instruments, needed for rare operations, optical and dental goods.
-B- Herkimer was settled in1725. It has had a long history. It began as a dairying centre producing butter and cheese, then during the early 1800s it became a centre of state politics and meetings. In 1865 Warner Miller improved the process of making paper from wood and they began to print newspapers and books there. Theodore Dreiser wrote his novel An American Tragedycarefully studying what took place in the town.
-C- Cooperstown was founded in 1786 by Judge William Cooper, father of James Fenimore Cooper, who wrote The Last of the Mohicans and other works. Otsego Lake in a beautiful setting of hills and forests is the setting for many Cooper's novels. Many of the town's buildings and homes have been carefully kept so that they look as in Cooper's time.
-D- Saranac Lake was first settled in 1819. Because of good climatic conditions it very soon became an important treatment centre for people who were ill with tuberculosis, an infectious disease during the late 1800s and early 1900s. Many treatment centres from those days still stand along Saranac Lakes streets. Now it's a popular vacation place.
-E- Potsdam was settled in 1803 by Benjamin Raymond, a land agent for the Clarkson family. The family ran a variety of businesses. They founded the Thomas Clarkson College of Technology, built a schoolhouse, which became part of the state university system in 1949. Sandstone dug in the area has been used for structures in New York City and other cities of the USA.
-F- Huntington has seen several historic events. The famous American poet Walt Whitman was born here. The farmhouse where he was born is furnished in period, with a library and changing exhibits. The British hanged Nathan Hale, an American, here as a spy in 1776. The memorial Monument marks the spot where he was captured.
-G- Panama Rocks consist of an erupted Paleozoic ocean floor made of ocean quartz. The rocks are huge and some are more than 60 feethigh. Geologic features include small caves, hundreds of passageways and thousands of cracks.
is home to the competitions between two nations?
was home to the man who became a national symbol?
was a famous novel created in?
gave the name to a suit?
was a good start for a famous business?
can be visited by kids every day?
-A- Troy is an industrial city. In the early 1800s Samuel Wilson lived there. He was a thin man with a big hat, which had many stars on it. His dress had the colours of theUS flag and he later began to symbolize the US. Where did "Uncle Sam" come from? During the war of 1812 he was a meat packer and supplied the Army with beef which he stamped with the letters to show that the meat belonged to the US government. But people connected it with Uncle Sam and jokingly called it 'Uncle Sam's Beef.'
-B- Tuxedo was established in the 1880s by Pierre Lorillard IV for very rich people. The huge attractive looking houses were home to well-known people who were very fashionable. The formal dinner jackets and trousers that men had to wear became known as tuxedos. Every year the New York Renaissance Festival takes place. Festival visitors are invited in formal dress.
-C- In 1779 General Sullivan defeated the Indians at a decisive battle and nine years later the first settlers built their cabins on the place that is now known as Elmira. Mark Twain married Olivia Langdon, who lived in Elmira, and spent many summers there. The world-famous The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and others of his classic works were written in this place.
-D- The Frederick Remington Art Museum displays bronzes, oil paintings and sketches by Frederick Remington, famed for his depictions of the American frontier. It is the largest collection of the artist's works. The museum recreates the artist's studio where many famous works were created.
-E- Central Park contains wooded and landscaped grounds, lakes, two outdoor skating rinks where figure skating competitions take place, a swimming pool and fields for playing different games. Among the park's attractions is the Children's Zoo which contains small animals. It is open daily 10–4.30.
-F- This small town was home to F.W. Woolworth, a well-known businessman, who during a county fair in 1878 tested the idea of selling things which all cost 5 cents. It was a great success, and now Woolworth stores are well-known in many countries.
-G-Saranac Lake surrounded by the mountains is a popular place for holidaymakers. Every year the Alpo International Sled Dog Races takes place in January, and the American-Canadian Rugby Tournament in July.
Прочитайте утверждения 1 – 6 и следующие за ними тексты. Установите соответствие между утверждениями и содержанием текстов. Запишите в таблицу цифру 1, если утверждение верное, цифру 0, если утверждение неверное.
1.Chichester was founded by the Romans.
2. Three cultural events take place in Chichester in summer.
3. Tourists can get a good idea of what the original palace looked like.
The county town of West Sussex and its only city, Chichester is an attractive market town, which began life as a Roman settlement, and the Roman street plan is still evident in its symmetrical layout. The city has built itself up as one of southern England’s cultural centres, hosting the Chichester Festival in early July with a fairly interesting programme of plays, though the studio theatre is a bit more adventurous. The track for racing horses at GoodwoodPark, north of the city, hosts one of England’s most fashionable racing events at the same time. The Gothic cathedral is the main tourist attraction in the city, but two miles west of the town are the restored Roman ruins of Fishbourne, one of the most visited, largest and best-preserved Roman palaces in the country. An audio-visual programme gives a fuller picture of the palace as it was in Roman times.
4. There are few forests left in the New Forest.
5. The best way to explore the region is by car.
6. Tourists can go camping all the year round.
Covering about 144 square miles the New Forest is one of southern England’s main rural playgrounds. About eight million visitors come here every year to enjoy a breath of fresh air, often after spending hours in traffic jams. The name of the New Forest is misleading, for much of this region’s woodland was cleared long before the Normans came. Some wooded areas still remain and they are around Lyndhurst, “the capital” of the New Forest. To get the best of the region, you need to walk or ride through it, avoiding the places cars can reach. There are 150 miles of car-free gravel roads, making cycling a good idea. The region has ten campsites run by the Forestry Commission, all of them closed between October and Easter. In Lyndhurst you can pick up numerous walking books and natural history guides.
Прочитайте утверждения 1 – 6 и следующие за ними тексты. Установите соответствие между утверждениями и содержанием текстов. Запишите в таблицу цифру 1, если утверждение верное, цифру 0, если утверждение неверное.
1.Leicester’s history goes back to the Roman times.
2. Most people of Leicester are Asian immigrants.
3. The biggest street festival in England is held in Leicester.
On first impression, Leicester is a modern city, but an attentive visitor will easily find traces of its Roman and medieval past. Since the late seventeenth century, Leicester has been a centre of the hosiery trade and it was this industry that attracted hundreds of Asian immigrants to settle here in the 1950s and 1960s. Today, about one third of Leicester’s population is Asian. They put on a massive and internationally famous Diwali, Festival of Light, in October or November, when 6 thousand lamps are hung along the Belgrave Roadand about 20, 000 people come to watch the switch-on. The city’s Afro-Caribbean community celebrates its culture in a whirl of colour and music on the first weekend in August. It is the country’s second biggest street festival after the Notting Hill Carnival inLondon.
4. Local farmers sell their products at the market in Dorchester once a week.
5. A famous English artist was born in Dorchester.
6.Dorchester is no longer surrounded by Roman walls.
The county town of Dorset, Dorchester still functions as the main agricultural centre for the region, and if you come here on a Wednesday when the market takes place you’ll find it busier than usual. For the local tourist authorities this is essentially Thomas Hardy’s town. He was born in Dorchester and spent much of his life here. His statue now stands on High West Street. The town appears in his novels as Casterbridge, and the countryside all around is vividly depicted, especially the picturesque forest of Cranborne Chase. Dorchester has an attractive central part of mostly seventeenth-century and Georgian buildings, though the town’s origins go back to the Romans. The Roman walls were replaced in the eighteenth century by tree-lined avenues called “Walks”, but some traces of the Roman period have survived. At the back of the County Hall excavations have uncovered a fine Roman villa with a well-preserved mosaic floor.
1.Atlanta is home to a typical American product.
2. Tourists can visit the room where Margaret Mitchell lived.
3. There are three football fields in Grant Park.
Atlanta is the most populated metropolitan area in the Southeast. It has the world’s second busiest airport. After World War II no city grew more than Atlanta. Of the 500 largest companies in the USA, 450 have offices in Atlanta. One of these, Coca-Cola, is no surprise as the formula of Coca-Cola was developed more than 100 years ago in Atlanta. Atlanta’s sights are of great interest. Those who are interested in history should visit Martin Luther King Historic District. If you like “Gone With The Wind”, then go to see the Margaret Mitchell Roomin the Atlanta Public Library. Here you will find autographed copies of her famous book. In Grant Park you will find no sports grounds, but there is the Cyclorame, which contains the world’s largest painting in the round. The length of three football fields, it depicts the 1864 Civil War Battle of Atlanta with lighting and sound effects.
4.Chicago is larger than Los Angeles.
5.Chicago is the busiest railroad centre in the USA.
6.Chicago’s architecture has influenced the style of modern cities.
Chicago is called “The Second City”, even though Los Angeles has replaced it as the second largest city of the nation. Today Chicago leads the country as a railway centre and as a grain and livestock market. It is American largest lake port, and second only to New York city in printing and publishing. After the Great Fire of 1871, Chicago rebuilt itself to become the birthplace of modern design. Chicago’s most striking feature is its skyscrapers and breathtakingly beautiful skyline. Chicago’s architectural school has changed urban design throughout the world. Today, three of the world’s tallest buildings rise above the city. One of them is the Sears Tower, standing about 1400 feet high and covering the entire city block. From the skydeck you can see four states on a clear day.
1.New Orleans is a typical American city.
2. Jackson Square offers different kinds of entertainment.
3. Visitors to the CityPark can play sports there.
As an American city New Orleans is unusual. It’s a city whose business is above all pleasure. It was founded around 1718 by the French. The French Quarter was the original city of New Orleans. The beautiful homes of the Quarter – with their courtyards and patios, their high ceilings and large windows – were designed for comfort in a hot climate. Jackson Square is the heart of the Quarter. The square is alive with artists, mimes and musicians. The Louisiana State Museum is in four different buildings, three of which are in Jackson Square. Mardi Grass is the city’s most famous festival. There are many parades, and even spectators are dressed in colourful costumes. The City Park is one of the five largest city parks in the USA, bigger than New York City’s Central Park. It boasts a botanical garden, golf courses, tennis courts, 800-year old trees and a miniature train. New Orleans is a city where jazz and the blues really got started. You’ll find many jazz clubs in New Orleans, for example, in the French Quarter. When you get hungry, you can treat yourself to local specialties, like alligator soup and crawfish pie.
4. The main places of interest in Portland are situated in different parts of the city.
5. Portlandia is the country’s largest copper statue.
6. Informal lectures on animals are given to animal lovers at the WashingtonPark Zoo.
There is plenty to see in Portland, Oregon. All the major sights are grouped downtown.Portland’s downtown area is centered on the mall, which is closed to all traffic except city buses. Here you can see the unusual Portland Building, a post-modern collage of pink, blue and yellow concrete and tile. Fans of this building find it very original. Near the PortlandBuilding there is Portlandia, the nation’s largest copper sculpture after the Statue of Liberty. From April until Christmas the Saturday Market takes place in downtown Portland. The area is filled with street musicians, artists and crafts people. Less than two miles west of downtown is Washington Park. The Washington Park Zoo is Portland’s pet. The zoo also features a number of interesting “animal talks” at various times on weekends and has a pet-the-animals children’s zoo. The city is famous for the Rose Festival in June. It attracts crowds of visitors. The Rose Queen is crowned with sapphires, zircons and rubies.
Установите соответствие между заголовками A – F и текстами писем 1 – 5, опубликованных в журнале для изучающих английский язык.Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую букву только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
А. PROBLEMS WITH TEACHING METHODS
B. MAKING IT EASIER TO UNDERSTAND
C. STUDYING WITH OR WITHOUT A TEACHER
D. COMMUNICATION PROBLEMS
E. EXAMINATION RESULTS
F. ENGLISH PEOPLE'S MISTAKES
1. I'm a 24-year-old business student from Malaysia and I've been going to English classes at night school for the past 5 years. Up to now I've thought that I'm a good student. Last month I went to Britain. Nobody could understand me and I couldn't understand them. What went wrong? My English teacher is very good and I always get the highest mark for my grammar test.
2. I'm writing to ask your opinion on my problem. My English teacher never corrects my mistakes when I'm speaking. Isn't that her job? How am I going to learn to speak better? Also she's always telling me that I should forget all the rules of grammar that I learnt when I was younger.
3. I am looking after two small English children. I love my job but the way that English people speak is a little surprising. For example, I often hear them say things like 'more friendlier', and I thought it should be 'more friendly'. Many of them say 'we was' instead of 'we were'. Can you explain this? Would it be impolite of me to correct them?
4. I have been studying English for three years. I'm quite good at reading and writing but listening is very difficult for me. My teacher suggested that I listen to the BBC World Service every day in order to understand English better. The problem is that it's hard for me to understand every word. Do you have any ideas about how to make listening to the radio less difficult? I like to listen to news very much.
5. I have studied English for five years at school but for the past six months I have been using the Internet and books to learn. There are lots of materials to choose but I'm not sure what is best for me and how I should use them. I really would like to take some international examination but don't know how to study without help. Should I take a course in my local school – which is a little expensive for me now – or is it possible to prepare for the exam on my own?